Gujarat Biodiversity Board

Biodiversity of Gujarat

The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 has defined three types of Biodiversity namely: Ecosystem diversity, Species diversity and Genetic diversity. The Gujarat is covering Ecosystem diversity like different Forests Ecosystems, Desert Ecosystems, Wetland Ecosystems, Coastal & Marine Ecosystems and Agro-ecosystems in different regions of Gujarat State. The species diversity includes flora & fauna in wild as well as cultivated plants and domestic animals breeds. The list of species of plants and animals found in wild in Gujarat state with comparison of species found in India is given below:


Living Organisms No. of Species
Gujarat India
Viruses - -
Bacteria - 850
Algae 1,933 6,500
Fungi 164 16,500
Bryophyta 08 2,850
Pteridophyta 16 1,100

Gymnosperms

01 64
Angiosperms 2,198 17,500
Total (Plants) 4,320 46,286
Lower Animals 1,736 76,455
Fish 606 (Marine - 487 + Freshwater - 119) 2,546
Amphibians 19 206
Reptiles 107 485
Birds 479 1,228
Mammals 107 372
Total (Animals) 3,054 81,292
Grand Total (Plants+ Animals) 7,374 1,27,578